CSI: Sea Turtle Edition

~By Rachel Wimmer (reposted from the William & Mary Blogs)

Never have I felt so responsible for the delicate nature of life than I did when I had the opportunity to release a sea turtle hatchling into the wild. These day old hatchlings were recovered from the beaches of Nuevo Vallarta, Mexico as eggs and incubated and hatched by a rescue team to ensure that they had the best chance of survival. This conservation of hatchlings is crucial for their survival, protecting them from predators and destructive beachgoers. It’s a rare and beautiful gift to not only usher new life into the world, but to have that life be one of a species whose population is endangered.

After hatching and finding their way into the ocean, the first great hurdle of their lives, sea turtles will mature into juveniles and travel vast distances in the search for food. While many of us envision sea turtles in the warm, highly biodiverse marine ecosystems of the tropics, 5,000-20,000 sea turtles (predominantly loggerhead sea turtles, Caretta caretta) migrate into the coastal waters of our “backyards” every summer. The Chesapeake Bay is a significant foraging and developmental habitat for juvenile turtles, many of whom migrate into the bay annually from offshore wintering grounds. Unfortunately, these sheltered waters do not completely protect them from unknown threats that are stranding between 100 and 300 turtles on local beaches every year. So why should anyone care about this endangered species? Removing keystone species like sea turtles can completely alter a delicately balanced ecosystem. While the direct cause of many strandings is still unknown it is possible that both environmental and human factors are contributing, which is why scientists are currently working to evaluate the impacts of habitat loss, climate change, and interaction with fisheries. For animals with a long life span and late maturity, such a high juvenile mortality rate is detrimental to population growth as it reduces the number of turtles that survive to lay eggs of their own. Fortunately, this is a problem that has not gone unnoticed. Bianca Santos is a second year graduate students at VIMS who is trying to solve the mystery of declining sea turtle populations by starting at the scene of the crime.

Reviving an area of research that has been absent from the VIMS campus in recent years, Bianca is creatively addressing critical conservation questions regarding where sea turtle mortalities are occurring in the Bay to determine possible causes. Using an approach that could easily be confused with a recent episode of CSI, she is retracing the routes stranded turtles travel using stranding data, computer models, and field drift experiments.


Working with the Virginia Aquarium and Marine Science Center Foundation Stranding Response Program (VAQS), the first clue that Bianca has to work with is VAQS’ large dataset detailing the turtle stranding events that occur around the Bay each year. One of the first pieces of information Bianca is interested in is how long turtles drift in the water after death and before washing up on shore. When the VAQS team responses to turtle strandings, one of the pieces of information they gather is a “condition code” based on how decomposed the animal appears. To help estimate when the turtle potentially died at sea, Bianca has been conducting decay studies to associate condition codes with a time component.  After determining how long ago death occurred for stranded turtles, the next step in her project is to determine where at-sea these turtle carcasses originated. Upon death, turtles will passively drift in the water, and their movements will depend on physical processes such as currents, winds, and tides.  Bianca is studying how these factors affect how a turtle floats through the Bay after death and before stranding on beaches. She is creating  drift simulations using a tool called Ichthyop which allows her to virtually release particles throughout the Bay to determine how physical forces move the particles (which represent the passive drift of turtle carcasses) and where they end up when they become stranded. Bianca will then dig deeper into the investigation by releasing three different types of surface drifters to physically model the drift trajectories predicted by the model. These include artificial drifters – buckets with a satellite tag attached; simulated drifters – wooden turtles designed by the Northeast Fisheries Science Center in Woods Hole; and true turtle carcasses which have been carefully recovered and situated with a satellite tag before being re-released into the Bay. The combination of all these pieces of evidence from both her computer and physical models will bring Bianca closer to solving the conservation mystery of turtle mortalities in the Bay.  


Bianca’s investigation into Bay sea turtle mortality is still in the early phases, but the implications of her findings have already made a big impression among the VIMS and W&M communities. Last year, she was a Green Fee recipient, receiving sustainability aimed research funds that allowed her to begin the initial phases of her research. She then swept the floor at the VIMS Three Minute Thesis competition where she won over the audience with her CSI approach to sea turtle conservation.This semester she is also involving local schools in her research. Through VIMS’ GK-12 Program, Bianca takes her research into 7th grade life science classrooms at Page Middle School and works with students on the “Crime Scene Investigation” of sea turtle strandings in the Bay. She has also brought GK-12 partner teachers into the field to aid in her field work. Through this research, Bianca is not only educating the next generation on sea turtle conservation, but hopes to advise Chesapeake Bay authorities on management decisions and the importance of sea turtle conservation.


Be a Conservation Crusader

While research like Bianca’s is paving the way for a society more aware of sustainability, there are actions that you can take to be a part of the change. As October is National Seafood Month, try getting in the habit of eating sustainably caught seafood – seafood that has been caught considering the long term viability of species and marine communities. Need some help getting started? Check outSeafood Watch to find out what kinds of fish are healthiest for you and our oceans. As our actions on land can directly impact the health of marine environments, it is important to recycle and responsibly dispose of trash. Plastic bags and other garbage items are easily mistaken for food by sea turtles, choking them or making them seriously sick. You can also contact VAQS, who has been responding to strandings since 1987, to report strandings or become involved in their volunteer stranding response program. To learn more about Bianca’s work, keep an eye out for her talk during the 10:25am of the breakout sessions at William & Mary’sSustainability Summit on November 7th. No mystery is left unsolved in the world of science and the more we investigate, the closer we come to understanding how our actions affect the world in which we live.

If you are interested in learning more about Bianca’s work or getting involved in sea turtle sustainability, you can email her at bsantos@vims.edu.

Still interested in learning more?!? Check out some of the great work being lead by VIMS alumni Kate Mansfield at the University of Central Florida’s – Marine Turtle Research Group.

Add comment November 18, 2015

You, Me, and Sustainability

~By Rachel Wimmer (reposted from the William & Mary Blogs)

It seems like just yesterday that I was in 2nd grade at Arlington Science Focus School singing songs like “Swing With Me on the Scientific Method,” “Plant a Tree for Your Tomorrow,” and “The -Ology Song” with my classmates. As dorky as these sound, I have to admit that nearly 15 years later I still remember all the words to these songs and have even hummed them to myself while sitting in chemistry to remind myself of the phases of matter. It was these experiences in elementary school that sparked my interest in both science and theatre, interests that I thought were two unrelated and distinct aspects of my life.


Fast forward 13 years to my sophomore year in college when people started asking me what I was going to do with my life and I would forcibly smile through gritted teeth and say that I had no idea. That is until I stumbled upon an internship with the Marine Mammal Commission where I discovered the field of science communications and how it perfectly married my love of marine science and storytelling. That summer, I created my own blog that aimed to communicate marine science in a way that anyone could understand so that everyone could have access to the wonders of the ocean, even those who may have never been anywhere near a beach. For the Mammal Commission (@MarineMammalCom), and later through internships at the Smithsonian (@SImarineGEO), I worked on education and social media related projects that aimed to communicate the incredible work that scientists were doing to the public who, in all honesty, has a very short attention span. I loved being able to find ways to share my excitement about science with others, particularly information that is critical for understanding how our interactions with the environment affect every aspect of life on this planet.

Here on campus, I am a biology major, a marine science minor, and work in a research lab at VIMS. All areas in which I am constantly exposed to the groundbreaking research that is changing the way in which scientists look at the environment, but which is failing to be communicated with the general public. Last semester, I had the opportunity to escape to New Zealand where I got to see not only how many Pacific Island cultures are highly dependent on a healthy and functioning environment, but saw how the the country of New Zealand as a whole was largely committed to protecting their natural resources and preserving the absolutely breathtaking vistas and environments that they are well known for (check out my travel blog). One of the most remarkable moments that I had while I was abroad was seeing how every aspect of sustainability was embodied by many Pacific Island communities, including Samoa. In my Samoan society and culture class, my Samoan classmates and professor shared with me the struggles that their culture as a whole must endure as a result of industrialization, climate change, sea level rise, and overfishing. The Samoan culture has strong historical ties to the environment and traditional ideas of sustainability. However, these connections are slowly degrading as the natural resources that they are dependent on slowly disappear. I was shocked and disturbed that Samoa was being affected biologically, economically, and culturally from changes in the environment – three of the major cornerstones of sustainable development.


So that brings us up to today, my senior year at W&M and the year in which I have the exciting opportunity to share stories of sustainability research and projects occurring on the W&M and VIMS campuses as an EcoAmbassador. Myself and six other EcoAmbassadors have been selected to spread the word of sustainability on campus and to get people excited about bringing a bit more green to the “green and gold” of our dear alma mater. The projects this year range from exploring green careers to creating green spaces on campus to surveys on cigarette litter. I will also be highlighting W&M and VIMS researchers who are investigating issues like sea turtle strandings, seagrass bed restoration, and doctor prescribed outdoors time.

My job is all about sharing these stories with you, tapping

into my love of science communications to get you as excited about sustainability as I am. The work on sustainability that is being done on the VIMS and William & Mary campuses is inspiring and is paving the way for the university to become an environmentally conscious institution. Stay tuned to see what “sustainability” really is, where it is happening on campus, and how you can be a part of the generation that is changing the way we interact with planet earth.

October 16, 2015

Fostering a Biking Culture

One of many Bike Alliance group rides!

One of many Bike Alliance group rides!

~by Sophia Palia, Class of 2018, Bike Alliance Event Planner and Secretary

Before college, I never really used to bike that much. It was only the day before I left for the seven-hour road trip from New Jersey down to Williamsburg did I decide that I was going to even bring my bike. And I couldn’t be more thankful that I did. That one decision has created opportunities that have helped make my experience at William & Mary so great and meaningful.

As a freshman last Fall, I saw the advertisement for the first Bike Alliance group ride to Yogurtini and thought to myself, “Hey, fro yo, I should go yo!” It was supposed to be a short ride, only about 5 miles. We met at the Ukrop parking deck and I was the only student who showed up. But along with Rich Thompson, staff and co-founder of the Bike Alliance, and Gabriel Morey, current president of the Bike Alliance, we biked over 25 miles. We explored the area, riding on the Colonial Parkway, the Virginia Capital Trail, passing gorgeous greenery, and having a blast.

As a nascent student organization, the Bike Alliance started out a little bumpy. But through working hard and learning from past events, we have gained incredible support and momentum. Our group rides this semester have had record-breaking turnouts and we have many more exciting new events and ideas for the future.

So, what exactly is the Bicycle Alliance? We are a group of students, staff, administrators, and faculty that promote a bicycle-friendly William and Mary through infrastructure and education.

In only two years, we have definitely made a visible impact on the bicycling culture at W&M and in the larger Williamsburg community. We host monthly casual group bike rides which are a phenomenal way to introduce people to places that are right in our backyard and accessible by bike. This past September, we led a ride to Newtown and Monticello Marketplace so students could see how to bike to these places.  In addition to these larger rides, we run weekly Wednesday night group rides at 5:15PM, meeting at the Sadler Terrace. These rides range in pace and distance depending on the group that shows up. Last year, we hosted women’s rights’ and cycling advocate Kathryn Bertine for a screening of her documentary Half the Road about the injustices and inequality in women’s cycling.

On the infrastructure side of our mission, we’ve installed fix-it stations around campus that provide students the necessary tools to pump up their tires and fix their bikes. We’ve been upgrading the college with new bike racks, bike lanes, and shared-road signs. We also established a 1-credit educational course through the kinesiology department, KINES 196 Bicycling Basics, to teach bike maintenance, safety, and just have fun biking. We also have worked a great deal with the city to foster the biking culture on campus and in Williamsburg as a whole, for example by helping local businesses install bike racks through the City’s bike rack grant.

All these efforts have contributed to promoting this important bicycling culture on campus and in the community. I had never really realized before how much of an impact biking can have on a community. Whether it is striping a bike lane or adding a fix-it station, it can help produce changes in habit that help our environment, health and well-being, sense of community, and even economic development. The Bike Alliance has impacted many people on campus already, from myself and the other members, to the students who use the bike lanes and fix-it stations. With so much done in the first two years it has existed, I am excited to see what will happen in the next two.


Check out the Bike Alliance’s Facebook page for information and updates!

October 13, 2015

Navigating Williamsburg with WATA Bus and Trolley: Your Guide to Local Public Transit

~By Katie Johanson, Class of 2015

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The Lorax riding the William & Mary Green Line and the Williamsburg Trolley during Try Transit Week (September 21-25).

Taking public transit instead of driving a car is one of the most effective ways that people can reduce their energy use and carbon footprint while saving time and money. Among its many benefits, public transportation reduces the miles traveled in private vehicles, eases the congestion of vehicles in an area, and enables communities to plan for and to support alternative modes of transportation. In addition, public transit offers people an opportunity to save money on car-related expenses and to gain time, which would have otherwise been spent driving, to read, listen to music, or work. This guide will introduce you to public transit in the Williamsburg area and provide helpful hints to make your experience the best that it can be.

WATA: Your Local Public Transit Provider

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The Williamsburg Area Transit Authority (WATA) provides safe, efficient, and accessible transportation throughout the City of Williamsburg, James City County, and the Bruton District of York County. Thanks to an ongoing contract between the College of William & Mary and WATA, all William & Mary students, faculty, and staff may ride any WATA bus or the Trolley for FREE by showing the Transit Operator their William & Mary ID as they board. Non-affiliated riders may use exact change to pay $1.25 for a one-way pass or $2.00 for an all-day pass as they board the bus or visit the Williamsburg Transportation Center to purchase a multi-day pass. All WATA buses and the Trolley are fully accessible for disabled riders and are equipped with foldable bike racks that hold up to two bikes for multi-modal trips. With minimal preparation and practice, you can make WATA bus or Trolley your transportation option of choice to reach shopping, dining, entertainment, and employment destinations in the area.

Get to Know the Routes

WATA operates nine fixed routes and two specialty routes (the William & Mary Green Line and the Surry Line) using a “hub and spokes” system based at the Williamsburg Transportation Center (a.k.a. Amtrak Train Station) on North Boundary Street, less than one mile from the main William & Mary campus. The campus is directly served by the Red Line, Blue Line, Williamsburg Trolley, and Green Line, while you may transfer to other routes via the Williamsburg Transportation Center.

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Use BusTime®, WATA’s Real-Time Bus Tracker

Using public transit in Williamsburg has never been easier or more hassle-free. Thanks to the BusTime real-time bus tracker
recently launched by WATA, riders no longer have to read a brochure to figure out when a bus or the Trolley will reach their stop. If you have access to a smart phone or computer, open BusTime by typing bustime.gowata.org into the browser or by
clicking on the Transit tab of the William & Mary application. Then, simply choose your desired route, direction, and stop from the menu and the site will show you the estimated arrival times for all of the buses servicing the stop within the next hour. Even with GPS tracking onboard the vehicles, WATA suggests that riders arrive 5 minutes prior to the time reported, because buses may be moving faster or slower than estimated.

Helpful Hints and Safety Tips

  • Pay attention to the hours of operation. WATA buses and the Trolley operate during different hours depending on the day of the week.
  • While waiting for the bus, stand next to the WATA sign so it is clear to the Operator that you want to board the bus. Operators only stop the bus when a passenger is visible at the stop.
  • Have your William & Mary ID, bus pass, or cash in your hand and ready to use while waiting for the bus to arrive.
  • When disembarking, do not walk in front of the bus. Wait until the bus pulls away so that you can look both ways to safely cross the street.
  • If elderly or disabled people board the bus, please offer them your seat if you are near the front.
  • Once your stop appears on the lighted display at the front of the bus, pull down on the overhead cord to request the stop. Please be aware that Operators do not stop at every stop unless requested. If you are riding the Trolley, simply notify the Operator of your designated stop.
  • If you have loaded a bike onto the bus, remind the Operator as you exit that you need to remove your bike.
  • Consider bringing a jacket or sweater onto the bus, as the temperature is variable.
  • Eating and drinking are not allowed on the bus. Please do not bring aromatic food or open beverages onto the bus.
  • Please be mindful of other passengers when listening to music, using headphones during your ride.
  • When in doubt, ask a Transit Operator or contact WATA’s customer service desk. WATA’s friendly and knowledgeable Operators can help you get where you want to go safely and efficiently.
  • Follow WATA on Facebook and Twitter for news, service alerts, and more!

Contact Us with Comments, Questions, or Concerns

General Information about WATA’s Services: (757) 220-5493, info@gowata.org, www.gowata.org 

Bill Horatio III, Director, College of William & Mary Parking & Transportation Services: (757) 221-2434 or wxhora@wm.edu

Katie Johanson, Communications Specialist, Williamsburg Area Transit Authority: kjohanson@gowata.org

Katie Johanson, Communications Specialist at WATA, providing information to parents and students during First Year Experience

Katie Johanson, Communications Specialist at WATA, providing information to parents and students during First Year Experience

Bill Horatio III, Director of William & Mary Parking and Transportation Services, posing with the Lorax during Try Transit Week

Bill Horatio III, Director of William & Mary Parking and Transportation Services, posing with the Lorax during Try Transit Week

October 6, 2015

Joining Sustainability at W&M

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~By Natalie Hurd, Senior and Environmental Policy & Government Major

Welcome back! Whether you’re new to the College or simply looking to get more involved in Sustainability, this post is here to help! There are many different ways to engage with the environmental movement on campus, but here are a few great places to start:

First things first…

Join the W&M Sustainability Listserv for weekly updates on all things sustainability at the College!

Student Activism

SEAC: The Student Environmental Action Coalition

SEAC is a consensus-based student advocacy organization with the goal of promoting sustainability on campus and beyond. They are currently working on a number of sustainability issues on campus through seven sub-campaigns: Energy Justice, Recycling, Garden Corp, Take Back the Tap, Native Plant Restoration, Environmental Education and Food Justice. The best part? If you have an issue you’re passionate about, SEAC will help you find like-minded students and help you start your own campaign. Email the SEAC Facilitators, Abby Holcombe (alholcombe@email.wm.edu) and Ben Olinger (bmolinger@email.wm.edu) for more information. SEAC meets on Mondays at 8:30pm in Blair 205.

Students for Animals

Are you passionate about helping animals? Interested in volunteering with fluffy friends or learning more about animal activism through documentaries and group discussion? Email foranimals@email.wm.edu for more information.

Create Change From Within

COS: The W&M Committee on Sustainability

Sometimes working directly with policy and the administration is the most effective avenue for change. The COS Steering Committee is a group of administrators, students, faculty and staff that work together to change policy and influence decision making. COS also awards Green Fee grants, which fund student projects on campus. Students are invited to volunteer with one of COS’s three subcommittees: Science and Technology Advisory, Operations, and Programs and Education.  For more information, visit the website or email Calandra Waters-Lake, Director of Sustainability waterslake@wm.edu


Looking for an interdisciplinary way to pursue your future in the environmental field? Look into W&M’s Environmental Science & Policy Major. What about working with both sustainability and business? Try out the Sustainability Concentration at the Business School.


Like I said before, there are many ways to get involved with sustainability on campus beyond the groups mentioned above. William & Mary offers awesome outdoor activities,  great research opportunities , and much more! But the groups above are great places to start, and they will be able to connect you with people and organizations pursuing the causes you care about. Stay tuned for more opportunities throughout the year!

Want to meet some of these groups in person? Come to the 3rd Annual Sustainability Summit on November 7th, 2015:

September 13, 2015

Looking for More Sustainable Outreach Opportunities? Explore EcoAmbassadors: VIMS Discovery Labs!

~By Allison McCluskey, Geology-ENSP double major

The EcoAmbassadors internship program is relatively new to W&M, but already has a great legacy. Earth Week, sustainability blogs, knowledge of campus recycling patterns, the native plant nursery, a proposed electric car charging station, green careers…all of these programs are made possible by EcoAmbassadors.

Led by Calanda Waters-Lake, the Director of Sustainability, EcoAmbassadors meet once a month to discuss sustainability issues and progress on individual projects. These internships are for-credit, and can count as an ENSP capstone experience.

Along with Sarah Hong, I have been serving as the VIMS Discovery Lab EcoAmbassador for this past academic year. Discovery Labs are public programs led by the Chesapeake Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve (CBNERR) at VIMS that give families the opportunity to actively learn about the Chesapeake Bay ecosystem. Each month focuses on a specific aspect of the Bay—whether it’s blue crabs, birds, shipwrecks, or underwater sound, kids and adults alike engage in hands-on learning activities to get them excited about our Bay.

EcoAmbassadors connect each month’s theme to climate change at the “Climate Corner” table. Many birds, for instance, are losing nesting habitats due to sea level rise. For March’s bird-themed lab, Sarah and I crafted a diorama activity that demonstrates how rising sea level would gradually cover up the habitats birds need. Kids get to pour increasing levels of water into the diorama and note which areas and species would be affected. They could then play a “Migration Madness” board game to see how migration patterns would be affected by changing seasonality.

Our culminating project was planning the entire April lab under the theme of Climate Change. This was quite an undertaking and required advanced planning during the Fall semester. We focused on making the activities fun, and emphasized solutions and a positive future to make sure that kids could handle the sometimes-uncomfortable topic.

This experience has been exceptional in many ways. I’ve learned more than I ever thought possible about teaching climate change. There is an exact methodology behind using words like “we” rather than “I,” and avoiding catastrophic messages of extreme destruction. We must be aware of the dangers of climate change, but approach it as something to which we can adapt and mitigate through collective action.

The EcoAmbassador for VIMS Discovery Labs internship is one I would recommend to anyone. It is a great opportunity to apply science concepts to the outside world, interact with kids, and get involved in public education. If you have any questions about my experience as an EcoAmbassador feel free to email me at ammccluskey@email.wm.edu.

Applications for the 2015-2016 EcoAmbassador program open in September. For more details contact Calandra Waters-Lake at waterslake@wm.edu.

June 29, 2015

The Virginia Institue of Marine Science: An Opportunity to Explore and Engage in Research

~By Claire Goydan

In my experience, I’ve found most William & Mary students either a) don’t know what VIMS is or b) think of it as an mystery institution somewhere off in the mist. I can dispel both these fears; VIMS is William & Mary’s “sister school” for marine science graduate research. It also does indeed exist – just take a 20 minute drive down the Colonial Parkway.

This year, I’ve worked as an EcoAmbassador, blogging about sustainable research and projects happening at VIMS. It has been a truly exciting experience getting to speak with the knowledgeable faculty and staff, and I have learned quite a bit about marine science as I collected stories and information to post. My blog has two goals, as I see it – to educate and engage.

I hope to educate William & Mary students (as well as any random internet passersby) about the research currently ongoing at VIMS, and how it fits under a larger umbrella of sustainability. In pursuit of this goal, I speak to VIMS professors about their chosen fields of study: their past work, the current thinking on the topic, and what the future might hold. There are some subjects I am already knowledgeable on, such as sea level rise. Other topics, such as marine protected areas, I had never encountered before. I had to educate myself before I could hope to write about it in a blog to educate others.

I also hope to engage William & Mary undergrads in said research. To that end, I have two short sections at the end of each and every one of my blogs: “Want to learn more?” and “Want to get involved?” To learn more, I post links to academic papers related to the blog topic, written by the VIMS researchers themselves. To get involved, I list the current ongoing research projects at VIMS looking for volunteers, as well as contact information.

So, William & Mary, I pose this question to you – want to get involved? Take a look at my blogs, and see if a topic or project interests you. Fascinated by marshes and sea level rise? Matt Kirwan, assistant professor at VIMS, is looking for volunteers. Is exploring marine population dynamics calling to you? Assistant professor David Kaplan has some projects you may be interested in. Environmental education more your style? Look to volunteer at the CBNERRs Discovery Lab, and contact Jaclyn Beck.

Regardless of your interests, I invite you to learn about and engage with the exciting research happening at VIMS.


June 22, 2015

VIMS Discovery Labs

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~By Sarah Hong

My name is Sarah Hong, one of the EcoAmbassadors for the VIMS Discovery labs. I am a Korean Studies and Environmental Science double major, with interest in pre-medical and pre-physicians assistant tracks.

My job as the VIMS Discovery Lab Assistant required immense amount of planning and researching. Each month VIMS hosts a Discovery Lab, that is open to the public, to educate the local area about marine science. There is a different topic each month. For the labs that I planned, January was Gliders, February was Blue Crabs, March was Birds, and April was Climate Change. For each lab, I came up with climate related activities and posters to connect the theme of the lab to climate change. For the gliders, crabs, and birds lab, I was only given a table to plan, which usually consisted of two hands on activities and information sheets. The bulk of the work was in April for the Climate Change lab. I had to plan the entire with fun activities and posters.

Over the course of the year, I have learned a lot about how to communicate science to people of all ages. It is really exciting to engage with different age groups and figure out ways to best teach them a concept. What I found the most useful is to be really excited about what I am talking about and then the participant will hopefully gain some interest in the topic.

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Ideally, when planning the labs, I try to aim for interactive activities. Having the participants engage in an activity will make them feel more connected to the topic. It is really boring to talk at someone about climate change, because it is going to go in one ear and out the other. By allowing the participants to visualize and think about the topic will have a more positive result in understanding the information. I even made a cute children’s book called, “The Acidic Adventures of Polly the Coral,” to teach the process of ocean acidification and the effect it has on coral reefs.

This EcoAmbassador internship was a very wonderful experience for me. I was able to be creative to translate scientific research on the environment into fun activities geared towards ages 2 and up. Being able to communicate scientific concepts effectively to the public can be challenging. By simplifying the ideas to make it easier to understand can encourage participants to look into the topic in their free time. A majority of the participants are kids, so capturing their attention is a feat. Since children are the future, hopefully I was able to inspire them to pursue careers in environmental science.

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June 15, 2015

Earth Week 2015: Environmentalism Past & Present

earth week

~By Liz Jacob

A few short weeks ago, the College of William and Mary hosted its fifth annual Earth Week for the campus and greater Williamsburg community. The goal of Earth Week is to promote sustainable lifestyles and raise awareness of environmental issues on campus. As such, Earth Week 2015 was a fantastic opportunity to reassert the College’s commitment to sustainability, and get more students and community members involved in sustainable initiatives. The week featured events ranging from invasive species restoration to a forum on environmental justice and culminated on Saturday, April 18th with Homebrewaroo on the Crim Dell Meadow.

While the week featured a plethora of events, the overarching theme of “Environmentalism: Past and Present” provided structure, guidance, and flow to the schedule. Given the broad nature of the theme, we were able to use it as a timeline for the week with each day having the following themes: Monday – Preservation and Recreation; Tuesday – Reform Environmentalism, Wednesday – Public Health; Thursday – Environmental Justice; Friday – Global Perspectives; Saturday – “We are the Future”. The daily themes were especially helpful as they provided both a contextualization and an outline for each day. As a result, more individuals were able to engage with the weekly events, even those who previously had little to no exposure to campus sustainability. This was especially important to me, as the main reason I was drawn to plan Earth Week was to create more avenues to engage the community and build capacity for more students to get involved with environmental issues.

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The true highlight of the week was Saturday’s Homebrewaroo Celebration, which drew a crowd of over 200 students and community members. The beats of student performers, the delicious scents of the entirely vegetarian meal, and the merriment of students relaxing in the meadow drew individuals to the celebration. The event featured a fantastic collaboration with Alma Mater Productions, campus dining, student organizations, and local businesses. While a big celebration on Saturday is an enduring Earth Week tradition, we were able to add flair to the event by featuring a diverse array of student organizations and community groups so individuals could visualize sustainability on campus. This also created an opportunity for students to continue to engage with environmental issues beyond Earth Week and to translate sustainability into their daily lives. In addition, we were able to restore the tradition of President Reveley reading the Lorax, complete with a costumed Lorax in attendance!  As one of the organizers of Earth Week 2015, it was absolutely fantastic to see the community come together and read a classic tale to raise environmental awareness.

While I have long been an outdoor enthusiast, my time in college has truly allowed me to realize the depth of my passion for environmental issues. From my very first environmental science and policy class I realized ardent passion I have to study, and in the future, dedicate my career to environmentalism. Since then, I’ve centered the majority of my college experience, from my independent research to extracurricular activities, on environmental issues. As a result, I truly appreciate large-scale awareness efforts, such as Earth Week, as they expose more individuals to a broader array of environmental concerns. For many college students, sustainability can be a lofty ideal that can seem impossible to attain on campus. Earth Week 2015 made sustainability tangible for students and provided avenues by which they could learn to integrate environmentalism into their mentality and lives. So, I’m proud to say that while Earth Week 2015 may have passed, more individuals now know that sustainability can be a reality and everyday can be earth day.

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June 8, 2015

Elecrtric Vehicle Charging Station on Campus–Is it Feasible?


~By Laurra Sperry

Oh electric vehicles, a sign that technology continues to advance and make everyday life a little bit more interesting. A lot of coastal universities in the United States are catching on to this relatively new spike in electric vehicle usage by installing electric vehicle charging stations on their campuses. Most of these installations are happening on the west coast- primarily in California, but continue to sprout along our eastern coast as well. Curious to see if having an electric vehicle charging station on our campus at William and Mary would be feasible, I became an EcoAmbassador for our school and began my research! Now this sounds like riveting and engrossing research; but I needed to get down to the basics- Where would we place the charging station? How much would it cost? Who would use the charging station?


Fortunately, there is a plethora of immensely helpful employees on this campus and I was able to talk to the experts. To answer my question of where and how, I turned to Associate Director of Utilities Daniel Patterson. Where would we put this hypothetical charging station? I came into our meeting with a few places in mind: PBK parking lot (great visibility from Jamestown Road!), the commuter parking deck (I mean, they are the ones driving the furthest!), or Zable Stadium lot. Mr. Patterson worked his magic and was able to give me some approximate figures regarding the cost of installation for each area. Zable Stadium parking lot would cost $3,616.35 and the commuter parking deck would cost $2,028.75. Wait, why no approximate cost for PBK lot you ask? Well, it turns out that the PBK parking lot is far away from an electric box and every foot of wiring needed to make that doable would cost way too much! So our options were down to two. With our options now down to the two it’s obvious to see that the commuter parking deck would be most economically feasible. It’s good to keep in mind there are grant options available to help fund projects like these.


On to the next task- figuring out who would use the station if we had it. This is where things got tricky…how do I assess usage on something we do not actually have on campus? And again- this is when the miraculously wonderful people of Williamsburg come to the rescue. I met with the Williamsburg KOA campground manager to talk about the usage they receive from the electric vehicle charging stations they have on their site. They get used- but mostly by out of state visitors! I wanted to know why this was the case. I contacted Steve Yakshe of Yakshe Enterprises, a local electric vehicle genius. I expressed to him my dilemma and concern on the low usage from Virginia drivers. Mr. Yakshe stated that this area has been slow to fully catch on to the electric vehicle movement and usage in these areas is minimal. In fact, working with our own Parking Services I realized that our campus only has a small handful of registered vehicles that could utilize this service.
Ultimately, an electric vehicle charging station would not be feasible at this point for our college. There is much too little need. However, the lingering question is this: If we did have an electric vehicle charging station would that promote more drivers to switch to an electric or hybrid car? Perhaps this service will be needed on campus in the not so distant future. For any questions on the EcoAmbassador program or furthering this research contact the Committee on Sustainability. For further questions about the research contact undergraduate student Laurra Sperry at ldsperry@email.wm.edu

June 1, 2015

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Greetings, and welcome to Hark Upon the Green! This blog is a shared space for members of the sustainability community at William & Mary to discuss the issues that affect our campus and to bring attention to great new ideas! Here, you can get news and information from the sustainability community at William & Mary, and learn what we are doing to make William & Mary as green as it can be. Make sure to visit Sustainability at W&M for all of W&M's progress on sustainability efforts. If you would like to contribute to the blog about your sustainability experience at W&M, contact Madeleine Boel, Committee on Sustainability Web Assistant, at mgboel@email.wm.edu.
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